A learning disorder (or disability) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent difficulty in one or more areas of learning, when overall intelligence and motivation are not affected.


Children with learning difficulties often experience challenges:

  • Understanding and following instructions 
  • Identifying letters, numbers, and words and make reversals (after 7 years) 
  • Remembering what was just said or read 
  • Grouping items and recognizing patterns 
  • Understanding measurement (time, money, estimating) 
  • Coordinating fine and gross motor movements (e.g., writing, running) 
  • Keeping track of items and possessions 


Learning disorders are identified through a direct assessment of the child’s cognitive functioning and academic achievement in reading, writing, and math. This type of evaluation is commonly referred to as a psychoeducational evaluation. 

For evaluations, YMC is currently in-network with BCBS, United, Cigna, Aetna, and ComPsych. At this time, they are not in-network with any state-funded plans, such as AHCCCS or Mercy Care.